- Published in Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine -

The Association between Modifiable Well-being Risks and Productivity: A Longitudinal Study in Pooled Employer Sample

Author(s): Yuyan Shi; Lindsay E. Sears; Carter R. Coberley

Journal of Occupational and Environmental MedicineObjective: To examine the longitudinal relationship between modifiable well-being risks and productivity.

Methods: A total of 19,121 employees from five employers participated in baseline and follow-up well-being assessment surveys. Multivariate regressions assessed whether changes in absenteeism, presenteeism, and job performance were associated with changes in 19 modifiable well-being risks.

Results: Over time, a 5% reduction in total count of well-being risks was significantly associated with 0.74% decrease in absenteeism, 2.38% decrease in presenteeism, and 0.24% increase in performance. High blood pressure, recurring pain, unhealthy diet, inadequate exercise, poor emotional health, poor supervisor relationship, not utilizing strengths doing job, and organization unsupportive of well-being had greater independent contributions in explaining productivity impairment.

Conclusions: The often-ignored well-being risks such as work-related and financial health risks provided incremental explanation of longitudinal productivity variations beyond traditional measures of health-related risks.

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Topics: Well-Being Health Conditions Employer Populations Performance/Productivity Peer Reviewed Community Well-Being